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Of French origin, it is an unstable mutation of Pinot noir. It spread to Germany and from there to Trentino Alto Adige and later to the Tre Venezie. Quality vine, for temperate climates due to its intrinsic ability to accumulate sugar and good production. Ideal for obtaining still wines and sparkling base.

Ampelographic Characteristics

  • posture: erect;
  • sprouts apex: cottony, whitish-green with unfurled leaves;
  • leaf: small, heart-shaped, three-lobed with a cupped, bullous edge, with dark green revolute edges, open V-shaped petiolar sinus;
  • bunch: cylindrical, small (60-180 g), often winged, slightly compact;
  • berry: medium-small, with grey-purple, pruinose skin; juicy, sweet, simple flavored pulp.

Phenological and production characteristics

Early in both budding and ripening, it is a quality vine with reduced vigor and a great aptitude for accumulation of sugars. The training system par excellence is the “Guyot” with medium-long pruning, in any case not too expanded and not too rich to maintain a good vegetative balance. Green pruning is useful for reducing the incidence of botrytis, especially in humid climates. It is also very sensitive to iron chlorosis and acid rot; less sensitive to downy mildew and powdery mildew.